Ross JD, O'Connor SM, Blum RA, Brown EA, DeWeerth SP.
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 2004
Multielectrode Arrays (MEAs) have emerged as a leading technology for extracellular, electrophysiological investigations of neuronal networks. The study of biological neural networks is a difficult task that is further confounded by mismatches in electrode impedance. Electrode impedance plays an important role in shaping incoming signals, determining thermal noise, and influencing the efficacy of stimulation. Our approach to optimally reducing thermal noise and improving the reliability of stimulation is twofold—minimize the impedance and match it across all electrodes. To this aim, we have fabricated a device that allows for the automated, impedance-controlled electroplating of micro-electrodes. This device is capable of rapidly (minutes) producing uniformly low impedances across all electrodes in an MEA. The need for uniformly low impedances is important for controlled studies of neuronal networks; this need will increase in the future as MEA technology scales from tens of electrodes to thousands.